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High Tunnel Construction for the Mississippi Gardener

Publication Number: P2970
View as PDF: P2970.pdf

Wooden frame with arched roof covered in plastic sheeting.

A high tunnel, or hoop house, is basically a primitive greenhouse. Unlike greenhouses, high tunnels are unheated and have no fans, powered vents, lights, or anything running on electricity or fossil fuels.

Plants are grown in the ground or in raised beds just as they are in the garden. High tunnels provide season extension for your garden by allowing you to harvest fall crops into the winter and plant spring crops weeks earlier than usual.

Because high tunnels provide a controlled environment for your garden, pest pressure from some insects, diseases, and weeds can be reduced. However, since rainfall will not reach your garden, it is important to provide irrigation. You can water by hand or use a soaker hose or drip irrigation.

High tunnels are available in many sizes and at a wide range of prices. Building a basic high tunnel for your home garden can be done simply and on a small budget. Following are the materials list, recommended tools list, and instructions for building a 10-foot x 12-foot home high tunnel.

Building Materials

  • 10 – 2-inch x 4-inch x 10-foot pressure-treated boards
  • 4 – 2-inch x 4-inch x 12-foot pressure-treated boards
  • 4 – 1-inch x 20-foot PVC pipes
  • 8 – 1¼-inch x 6-inch PVC pipes
  • 8 – 1-inch x 1¼-inch PVC reducing couplings
  • 8 – 1-inch x 24-inch galvanized pipes
  • 16 pipe straps
  • 20-foot x 25-foot, 4-mil clear plastic sheeting
  • Miscellaneous deck screws (1 inch, 1½ inch, and 2½ inch)
  • Door hinges
  • PVC cleaner
  • PVC glue​

Recommended Tools

  • Circular saw
  • Carpenter’s hammer
  • Sledgehammer
  • Electric drill (cordless or wired)
  • PVC pipe cutter or hacksaw
  • Staple gun
  • Utility knife
  • Tape measure

Site Selection

A level yard that is fully exposed to sun.

Ideally, you should select an area of your yard that is level, has full sun exposure, and is free of obstructions such as trees, playground equipment, and outbuildings. In Mississippi, the long side (12-foot) of the high tunnel should be oriented north-south to minimize shadowing, but an east-west orientation will also be productive.

You need to know where any underground utilities may be located. Homeowners undertaking projects that involve excavation or digging must provide their utility companies at least a 48-hour notice. Dialing the 811 service will connect you with the Mississippi call center and alert participating electric, gas, cable, and phone companies about the planned digging so they can mark the appropriate location of underground lines if necessary.

You are responsible for marking your private lines, such as invisible pet fences, sprinkler systems, yard lights, and gas grill lines. More information can be found at Know What’s Below, Call 811 Before You Dig.

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Step 1: Line up the 2x4-inch baseboards—two 10-foot boards and two 12-foot boards. Secure them with 2½-inch deck screws. (The 11 building instruction photos were provided by Ask This Old House.)
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Step 2: Dig or drill holes for the eight pieces of galvanized pipe in each corner and along each long side to a depth of approximately 12 to 18 inches.
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Step 3: Set the galvanized pipe using a hammer, leaving about 6 inches of pipe above the baseboards. At this point, you could use concrete to stabilize each post if you dug holes larger than the diameter of the galvanized pipe.
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Step 4: Glue a 6-inch section of 1¼-inch PVC pipe to each end of a 1-inch-wide, 20-foot-long PVC pipe using the PVC reducing couplings.
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Step 5: Slide the PVC pipe onto the ends of the galvanized pipe.
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Step 6: Check to ensure the PVC pipe is straight.
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Step 7: Repeat the process to make and install the other three 20-foot bows on the remaining galvanized pipes.
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Step 8: Secure the PVC bows to the base using pipe straps and ١½-inch deck screws.
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Step 9: Install the doorframe and 12-foot cross member for stability and support.
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Step 10: Install the doors.
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Step 11: Pull the plastic sheeting over the completed frame and secure it to the 2x4-inch base using screws or heavy-duty staples.

The authors of this publication assisted with the production of an Ask This Old House segment that detailed the construction of a homeowner high tunnel.
The segment can be viewed here.

The information given here is for educational purposes only. References to commercial products, trade names, or suppliers are made with the understanding that no endorsement is implied and that no discrimination against other products or suppliers is intended.


Publication 2970 (POD-10-22)

By Gary R. Bachman, PhD, Extension/Research Professor, and Christine E. H. Coker, PhD, Extension/Research Professor, Coastal Research and Extension Center.

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Authors

Portrait of Dr. Christine E. Coker
Extension/Research Professor
Urban Horticulture Vegetables Green Roofs Food Systems
Portrait of Dr. Gary R. Bachman
Extension/Research Professor
Ornamental Horticulture Host of Southern Gardening

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